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Bone Joint J. 2014 Jun;96-B(6):724-9. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.96B6.33000.

The frequency of sequelae of slipped upper femoral epiphysis in cam-type femoroacetabular impingement.

Author information

1
Pierre Paul Riquet Hospita, Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Musculoskeletal Institute, 308 avenue de Grande Bretagne, 31059, Toulouse, France.

Abstract

Slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE) is one of the known causes of cam-type femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of FAI cases considered to be secondary to SUFE-like deformities. We performed a case-control study on 96 hips (75 patients: mean age 38 years (15.4 to 63.5)) that had been surgically treated for FAI between July 2005 and May 2011. Three independent observers measured the lateral view head-neck index (LVHNI) to detect any SUFE-like deformity on lateral hip radiographs taken in 45° flexion, 45° abduction and 30° external rotation. A control group of 108 healthy hips in 54 patients was included for comparison (mean age 36.5 years (24.3 to 53.9). The impingement group had a mean LVHNI of 7.6% (16.7% to -2%) versus 3.2% in the control group (10.8% to -3%) (p < 0.001). A total of 42 hips (43.7%) had an index value > 9% in the impingement group versus only six hips (5.5%) in the control group (p < 0.001). The impingement group had a mean α angle of 73.9° (96.2° to 53.4°) versus 48.2° (65° to 37°) in the control group (p < 0.001). Our results suggest that SUFE is one of the primary aetiological factors for cam-type FAI.

KEYWORDS:

Femoro acetabular impingement; Head neck index; Hip disease; Lateral view

PMID:
24891570
DOI:
10.1302/0301-620X.96B6.33000
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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