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Mol Pain. 2014 May 21;10:30. doi: 10.1186/1744-8069-10-30.

Acid mediates a prolonged antinociception via substance P signaling in acid-induced chronic widespread pain.

Author information

1
Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei 114, Taiwan. chih@ibms.sinica.edu.tw.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Substance P is an important neuropeptide released from nociceptors to mediate pain signals. We recently revealed antinociceptive signaling by substance P in acid-sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3)-expressing muscle nociceptors in a mouse model of acid-induced chronic widespread pain. However, methods to specifically trigger the substance P antinociception were still lacking.

RESULTS:

Here we show that acid could induce antinociceptive signaling via substance P release in muscle. We prevented the intramuscular acid-induced hyperalgesia by pharmacological inhibition of ASIC3 and transient receptor potential V1 (TRPV1). The antinociceptive effect of non-ASIC3, non-TRPV1 acid signaling lasted for 2 days. The non-ASIC3, non-TRPV1 acid antinociception was largely abolished in mice lacking substance P. Moreover, pretreatment with substance P in muscle mimicked the acid antinociceptive effect and prevented the hyperalgesia induced by next-day acid injection.

CONCLUSIONS:

Acid could mediate a prolonged antinociceptive signaling via the release of substance P from muscle afferent neurons in a non-ASIC3, non-TRPV1 manner.

PMID:
24886508
PMCID:
PMC4039541
DOI:
10.1186/1744-8069-10-30
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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