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Memory. 2015;23(5):683-94. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2014.921713. Epub 2014 Jun 2.

Influence of electroencephalography neurofeedback training on episodic memory: a randomized, sham-controlled, double-blind study.

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a Department of Psychiatry , Beer-Sheva Mental Health Center , Beer-Sheva , Israel.


The relationships between memory processes and oscillatory electroencephalography (EEG) are well established. Neurofeedback training (NFT) may cause participants to better regulate their brain EEG oscillations. The present study is a double-blind sham-controlled design investigating the effect of NFT on memory. NFT included up-training upper alpha (UA) band, up-training sensory-motor rhythm (SMR) band and sham protocol. Thirty healthy adult volunteers were randomly divided into three treatment groups. NFT sessions (30 min each) took place twice weekly for a total of 10 sessions while memory testing took place pre- and post-training. The results indicate dissociation between SMR and UA NFT and different memory processes. While the SMR protocol resulted in improving automatic, item-specific and familiarity-based processes in memory, the UA protocol resulted in improved strategic and controlled recollection. The implications of the results are discussed.


Familiarity; Memory; Neurofeedback; Randomized control design; Recollection

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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