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Appetite. 2014 Oct;81:30-6. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2014.05.027. Epub 2014 May 29.

Who reports noticing and using calorie information posted on fast food restaurant menus?

Author information

1
New York University Robert F. Wagner School of Public Service, 295 Lafayette St, New York, NY 10012, USA; New York University School of Medicine, 550 1st Ave, New York, NY 10016, USA.
2
New York University School of Medicine, 550 1st Ave, New York, NY 10016, USA.
3
New York University Robert F. Wagner School of Public Service, 295 Lafayette St, New York, NY 10012, USA; New York University School of Medicine, 550 1st Ave, New York, NY 10016, USA. Electronic address: brian.elbel@nyumc.org.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Identify consumer characteristics that predict seeing and using calorie information on fast food menu boards.

METHODS:

Two separate data collection methods were used in Philadelphia during June 2010, several weeks after calorie labeling legislation went into effect: (1) point-of-purchase survey and receipt collection conducted outside fast food restaurants (N = 669) and (2) a random digit dial telephone survey (N = 702). Logistic regressions were used to predict the odds of reporting seeing, and of reporting seeing and being influenced by posted calorie information.

RESULTS:

Approximately 35.1% of point-of-purchase and 65.7% of telephone survey respondents reported seeing posted calorie information, 11.8% and 41.7%, respectively, reported that the labels influenced their purchasing decisions, and 8.4% and 17% reported they were influenced in a healthful direction. BMI, education, income, gender, consumer preferences, restaurant chain, and frequency of visiting fast food restaurants were associated with heterogeneity in the likelihood of reporting seeing and reporting seeing and using calorie labels.

CONCLUSION:

Demographic characteristics and consumer preferences are important determinants in the use of posted calorie information. Future work should consider the types of consumers this information is intended for, and how to effectively reach them.

KEYWORDS:

Calorie labeling; Obesity; Public policy

PMID:
24882449
PMCID:
PMC4127350
DOI:
10.1016/j.appet.2014.05.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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