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Auton Neurosci. 2014 Sep;184:46-52. doi: 10.1016/j.autneu.2014.05.006. Epub 2014 May 21.

Driving and working with syncope.

Author information

1
Internal Medicine, BIOMETRA Department, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano (MI), University of Milan, Italy. Electronic address: franca.barbic@humanitas.it.
2
Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences "L. Sacco", University of Milan, Italy.
3
Internal Medicine, BIOMETRA Department, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano (MI), University of Milan, Italy; Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Sao Carlos, Brazil.
4
Division of Medicine and Pathophysiology, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences "L. Sacco", University of Milan, Italy.
5
Internal Medicine, BIOMETRA Department, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano (MI), University of Milan, Italy.
6
Department of Cardiac Sciences, University of Calgary, Canada.

Abstract

Syncope is usually addressed in the Emergency Department (ED) by the doctor in charge of the clinical picture, i.e. the patient's risk is stratified, a diagnostic work-up is done and a prognosis is set. Patients are ultimately admitted to hospital or discharged. However, other aspects related to syncope may deeply affect their daily lives. These include how and when to return to work and to driving, the feelings about a recent loss of consciousness, and the potential relapse of syncope. This is particularly significant if the work setting is intrinsically hazardous. These patients need adequate clinical and psychological support. For patients with syncope, two main parameters should be considered regarding returning to work and to driving. The first is to evaluate the risk of syncope recurrence and the second is to consider the expected harm if syncope does indeed occur during these activities. In the present paper we detail the problem of driving (including professional driving) and work after syncope. We propose a new quantitative model that will guide the physician in stratifying the risk for patients who have had a previous syncope event. The new model considers the syncope recurrence risk, the job task duration, and features that facilitate a syncope during work. On the basis of these variables, the global risk index for a worker is calculated. Following appropriate validation, this method might help ED and occupational physicians in their decision-making process with the goal of safely readmitting syncope patients to the workplace.

KEYWORDS:

Driving; Occupational safety; Syncope; Working

PMID:
24881013
DOI:
10.1016/j.autneu.2014.05.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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