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J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014 Sep;71(3):460-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2014.04.001. Epub 2014 May 28.

Hidradenitis suppurativa: a retrospective study of 846 Dutch patients to identify factors associated with disease severity.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.
2
Department of Dermatology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
3
Department of Dermatology, Deventer Hospital, Deventer, The Netherlands.
4
Department of Dermatology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: e.prens@erasmusmc.nl.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Few comprehensive studies exist on the epidemiology of hidradenitis suppurativa, a very distressing skin disease.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to identify disease-related factors associated with severity, sex, and family history.

METHODS:

Ordinal logistic regression was used in 846 consecutive Dutch patients with hidradenitis suppurativa to calculate odds ratios (ORs) for severity according to Hurley. Sex and family history were compared using Student t test and χ(2) test.

RESULTS:

In total, 45.5% of the patients had Hurley I, 41.5% had Hurley II, and 13.0% had Hurley III. Severity was associated with male sex (OR 2.11; P < .001), disease duration (OR 1.03; P < .001), body mass index (OR 1.03; P = .01), smoking pack-years (OR 1.02; P = .001), and axillary (OR 2.24; P < .001), perianal (OR 1.92; P < .001), and mammary lesions (OR 1.48; P = .03). Women had earlier onset, more inguinal and mammary lesions, and more frequent family history for hidradenitis suppurativa. Men more commonly had gluteal, perianal, and atypical lesions, and a history of severe acne. Patients with a family history had earlier onset, longer disease duration, a history of severe acne, more extensive disease, and were more often smokers.

LIMITATIONS:

Some parameters were patient-reported.

CONCLUSION:

The severity risk factors identified in this study could help physicians to select patients who need close monitoring and who would benefit from early, aggressive therapy.

KEYWORDS:

Hurley stage; acne inversa; body mass index; cigarette smoking; disease severity; epidemiology; family history; obesity; risk factors; sex; smoking pack-years

PMID:
24880664
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaad.2014.04.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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