Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Health Place. 2014 Jul;28:173-6. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.05.001. Epub 2014 Jun 2.

Food environment, walkability, and public open spaces are associated with incident development of cardio-metabolic risk factors in a biomedical cohort.

Author information

1
Spatial Epidemiology and Evaluation Research Group, School of Population Health, Sansom Institute for Health Research, City East Campus, University of South Australia, Internal Post Code CWE-48, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide 5001, SA, Australia; Research Centre of the Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Verdun, QC, Canada H4H 1R2. Electronic address: Catherine.paquet@unisa.edu.au.
2
Spatial Epidemiology and Evaluation Research Group, School of Population Health, Sansom Institute for Health Research, City East Campus, University of South Australia, Internal Post Code CWE-48, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide 5001, SA, Australia. Electronic address: Neil.Coffee@unisa.edu.au.
3
Spatial Epidemiology and Evaluation Research Group, School of Population Health, Sansom Institute for Health Research, City East Campus, University of South Australia, Internal Post Code CWE-48, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide 5001, SA, Australia. Electronic address: matt.haren@unisa.edu.au.
4
Spatial Epidemiology and Evaluation Research Group, School of Population Health, Sansom Institute for Health Research, City East Campus, University of South Australia, Internal Post Code CWE-48, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide 5001, SA, Australia. Electronic address: Natasha.Howard@unisa.edu.au.
5
The Health Observatory, Discipline of Medicine, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, SA, Australia. Electronic address: Robert.adams@adelaide.edu.au.
6
Population Research and Outcome Studies, Discipline of Medicine, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, SA, Australia. Electronic address: Anne.Taylor@adelaide.edu.au.
7
Spatial Epidemiology and Evaluation Research Group, School of Population Health, Sansom Institute for Health Research, City East Campus, University of South Australia, Internal Post Code CWE-48, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide 5001, SA, Australia; Department of Medicine, The University of Melbourne, St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne 3065, VIC, Australia; Discipline of Medicine, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia; South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, Adelaide 5001, SA, Australia. Electronic address: mark.daniel@unisa.edu.au.

Abstract

We investigated whether residential environment characteristics related to food (unhealthful/healthful food sources ratio), walkability and public open spaces (POS; number, median size, greenness and type) were associated with incidence of four cardio-metabolic risk factors (pre-diabetes/diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, abdominal obesity) in a biomedical cohort (n=3205). Results revealed that the risk of developing pre-diabetes/diabetes was lower for participants in areas with larger POS and greater walkability. Incident abdominal obesity was positively associated with the unhealthful food environment index. No associations were found with hypertension or dyslipidaemia. Results provide new evidence for specific, prospective associations between the built environment and cardio-metabolic risk factors.

KEYWORDS:

Food environment; Longitudinal studies; Public open space; Residence characteristics; Walkability

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center