Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2014 Aug;112:1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.prostaglandins.2014.05.001. Epub 2014 May 28.

Vasodilatory effect of 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid on mesenteric arteries in hypertensive and aged rats.

Author information

1
Ethnic Drug Screening & Pharmacology Center, Key Laboratory of Chemistry in Ethnic Medicinal Resources, State Ethnic Affairs Commission & Ministry of Education, Yunnan Minzu University, Kunming 650500, China; Department of Pharmacology & Pharmacy, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China. Electronic address: yangynni@163.com.
2
Ethnic Drug Screening & Pharmacology Center, Key Laboratory of Chemistry in Ethnic Medicinal Resources, State Ethnic Affairs Commission & Ministry of Education, Yunnan Minzu University, Kunming 650500, China.
3
School of Pharmaceutical Science & Yunnan Key Laboratory of Pharmacology for Natural Products, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650500, China.
4
Department of Pharmacology & Pharmacy, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China. Electronic address: gphleung@hkucc.hku.hk.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (14,15-EET)-induced vasodilatations as well as the underlying signaling pathways in rat mesenteric arteries from young, adult and old normotensive (WKY) and hypertensive rats. Protein expressions for prostaglandin EP(1-4) receptors, large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK(Ca)) channels, and adenylate cyclase (AC) were determined together with 14,15-EET-induced vasodilatations in primary- versus secondary-branches of the mesenteric artery. Responses to 14,15-EET were greater in the smaller secondary- versus primary-branches (and also more sensitive with lower EC50) and were reduced in vessels from old (80 weeks) rats as well as from vessels from the spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR). Regardless of age or hypertension responses to 14,15-EET were inhibited by the EP2 antagonist AH6809, BK(Ca) channel inhibitor iberiotoxin, or 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-protein kinase A (PKA) pathway antagonists. These data indicate 14,15-EET-induced vasodilatation is mediated via the activation of EP2 receptors and opening of BK(Ca) channels. The expressions of the EP2 receptor and AC were markedly reduced in vessels from SHR as well as old rats, whereas BK(Ca) expression was reduced in old WKY and SHR, but not adult SHR. Furthermore, expression of the p53 protein, an indicator of cell senescence and apoptosis, was elevated in adult and old SHR as well as in old WKY. In summary, attenuated 14,15-EET-induced vasodilatation in mesenteric arteries from old normotensive WKY as well as adult and old SHR is associated with reduced expression of EP2 receptors and AC.

KEYWORDS:

14,15-Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid; Aging; Endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor; Hypertension; Mesenteric artery; Prostaglandin EP(2) receptor

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center