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J Proteomics. 2014 Aug 28;108:163-70. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2014.05.013. Epub 2014 May 28.

Quantitative proteomics reveals the link between minichromosome maintenance complex and glucose-induced proliferation of rat pancreatic INS-1E β-cells.

Author information

1
Translational Biomarker Group, Department of Human Protein Sciences, University Medical Center, Geneva, Switzerland.
2
INSERM, U1038, Grenoble F-38054, France; CEA, iRTSV, Biologie à Grande Echelle, Grenoble F-38054, France; Université Grenoble-Alpes, Grenoble F-38000, France.
3
Translational Biomarker Group, Department of Human Protein Sciences, University Medical Center, Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address: jean-charles.sanchez@unige.ch.

Abstract

Proper functioning of pancreatic β-cells is a crucial for glucose homeostasis control, and therefore a main problem regarding type 2 diabetes onset and evolution. The ability of β-cells to proliferate upon certain stimuli, such as elevated glucose concentration, is an essential property to overpass a major problem of the pathology: the decrease of β-cell mass leading to a lack of insulin production. However, high glucose concentrations are also an inducer of β-cell dysfunction, when proliferation become unable to overcome insulin demand. The control of β-cell proliferation could represent an interesting target for the development of therapeutic molecules for type 2 diabetes treatment. To get new insights on β-cell replication, we investigated the modulation of nuclear proteins of INS-1E cells submitted to medium and high glucose concentrations for 24h. Indeed, the nucleus should contain proteins responsible of proliferation-related events. The SILAC approach allowed us identifying 24 nuclear proteins whose expressions were modified by chronic high glucose. A wide Downstream Effects Analysis assigned the majority of the differentially expressed proteins to functions such as proliferation and cell cycle. Interestingly, our study linked for the first time the increase of expression of the 6 MCM components to glucose-induced stimulation in β-cells.

BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE:

The current study represents a progress in the understanding of glucose-induced proliferation mechanisms in β-cells. We applied the SILAC strategy to INS-1E cells cultivated with medium or high glucose concentrations for 24h, and we targeted nuclear proteins which have a central role in proliferation-related mechanisms. It allows quantifying 24 nuclear proteins, which are regulated by high glucose exposure. The vast majority of them are shown to be related to proliferation and cell cycle. We describe here for the first time than the 6 proteins of the MCM complex are involved in glucose-mediated proliferation in β-cells.

KEYWORDS:

MiniChromosome maintenance complex; Nuclei; Proliferation; β-Cell

PMID:
24880042
DOI:
10.1016/j.jprot.2014.05.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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