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J Inj Violence Res. 2015 Jul;7(2):45-53. doi: 10.5249/jivr.v7i2.565. Epub 2014 Mar 23.

School-based violence prevention strategy: a pilot evaluation.

Author information

1
The Vanderbilt Orthopaedic Institute, Center for Health Policy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA. Email: Manish.Sethi@Vanderbilt.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Violence has recently been reported among a primarily young, minority population in Nashville, Tennessee. School-based programs have been proven as effective methods of reducing violent behavior, beliefs, and actions that lead to violence among adolescents.

METHODS:

Investigators implemented a rigorous search for an appropriate school-based violence prevention program for Metropolitan Nashville middle school students utilizing a systematic review and discussion group with victims of violence. 27 programs nation-wide were reviewed and 2 discussion groups with African American males under the age of 25 admitted to a level 1 trauma center for assault-related injuries were conducted. Our findings led to a single, evidence-based conflict resolution program. In conjunction with educators, we evaluated the program's effectiveness in a pilot study in a Nashville middle school with high rates of violence.

RESULTS:

122 students completed the conflict resolution program and described their behavior and experiences with violence in a pre-test/post-test self-rate questionnaire. Results showed a significant decrease in violent behavior and an increase in students' competencies to deal with violence (p less than 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

This study shows that a reduction in violent behavior and beliefs among middle school students can be achieved through the implementation of a targeted violence intervention program. A larger-scale intervention is needed to develop more conclusive evidence of effectiveness.

PMID:
24879077
PMCID:
PMC4522314
DOI:
10.5249/jivr.v7i2.565
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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