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J Exerc Rehabil. 2014 Apr 30;10(2):106-10. doi: 10.12965/jer.140105. eCollection 2014 Apr.

A study on the development of the protocol of leisure activity program for the elderly's deviant prevention.

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Department of Physical Training Education, Gyeongin National University of Education, Anyang, Korea.
Department of Exercise Rehabilitation & Welfare, College of Health science, Gachon University, Incheon, Korea.
Department of Police Administration, International College of Culture and Information, Daegu Haany University, Gyeongsan, Korea.
Department of Welfare for the Elderly, College of Well-being, Daegu Haany University, Gyeongsan, Korea.
Department of Exercise & Health, College of Arts & Physical Education, Incheon National University, Incheon, Korea.
Department of Physical Education, Kyungdong University, Gosong-gun, Gangwon-do, Korea.
Department of Community Sports & Recreation, College of Arts & Athletics Division, Daelim University, Anyang, Korea.
School of Physical Education, Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Otago P.O.Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand.


The purpose of this study is to provide planning methods for leisure activity program to prevent the elderly's deviance, using the program components and protocol factors. This section discusses the results obtained through document analysis and Delphi technique. First, the components of leisure activity program were classified into five stages such as definition, condition analysis, program composition, application and evaluation. Second, the protocol factors in each stage of leisure activity program for the elderly's deviant prevention were 19 main themes and 75 sub-themes respectively. In the stage of condition analysis, five main themes such as deviant prediction, individual, socio-demographic, social and cultural factors and 25 sub-themes were found. Program composition included three main themes, facilities, instructor and program and 16 sub-themes and in the application stage, there were three key themes, facilities, instructor and program and 14 sub-themes. Lastly, the evaluation found four main themes such as deviant prevention, participation in leisure activities, management and wellbeing and 16 sub-themes.


Elderly’s deviant prevention; Leisure activity program; Protocol

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