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Int Immunopharmacol. 2014 Aug;21(2):383-8. doi: 10.1016/j.intimp.2014.05.014. Epub 2014 May 27.

Carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in rat is reversed by treatment with riboflavin.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
2
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: fimam@ksu.edu.sa.
3
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

Liver is a vital organ for the detoxification of toxic substances present in the body and hepatic injury is associated with excessive exposure to toxicants. The present study was designed to evaluate the possible hepatoprotective effects of riboflavin against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced hepatic injury in rats. Rats were divided into six groups. Hepatotoxicity was induced by the administration of a single intraperitoneal dose of CCl4 in experimental rats. Riboflavin was administered at 30 and 100mg/kg by oral gavage to test its protective effect on hepatic injury biochemically and histopathologically in the blood/liver and liver respectively. The administration of CCl4 resulted in marked alteration in serum hepatic enzymes (like AST, ALT and ALP), oxidant parameters (like GSH and MDA) and pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α release from blood leukocytes indicative of hepatic injury. Changes in serum hepatic enzymes, oxidant parameters and TNF-α production induced by CCl4 were reversed by riboflavin treatment in a dose dependent manner. Treatment with standard drug, silymarin also reversed CCl4 induced changes in biomarkers of liver function, oxidant parameters and inflammation. The biochemical observations were paralleled by histopathological findings in rat liver both in the case of CCl4 and treatment groups. In conclusion, riboflavin produced a protective effect against CCl4-induced liver damage. Our study suggests that riboflavin may be used as a hepato-protective agent against toxic effects caused by CCl4 and other chemical agents in the liver.

KEYWORDS:

Antioxidant; Carbon tetrachloride; Hepatoprotection; Oxidant; Riboflavin; TNF-α

PMID:
24874442
DOI:
10.1016/j.intimp.2014.05.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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