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J Atten Disord. 2015 Mar;19(3):260-71. doi: 10.1177/1087054714535951. Epub 2014 May 29.

Pilot randomized controlled trial of dialectical behavior therapy group skills training for ADHD among college students.

Author information

1
University of Washington, Seattle, USA fleming3@uw.edu.
2
Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada Child & Family Research Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
3
University of Washington, Seattle, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

ADHD affects between 2% and 8% of college students and is associated with broad functional impairment. No prior randomized controlled trials with this population have been published. The present study is a pilot randomized controlled trial evaluating dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) group skills training adapted for college students with ADHD.

METHOD:

Thirty-three undergraduates with ADHD between ages 18 and 24 were randomized to receive either DBT group skills training or skills handouts during an 8-week intervention phase. ADHD symptoms, executive functioning (EF), and related outcomes were assessed at baseline, post-treatment, and 3-month follow-up.

RESULTS:

Participants receiving DBT group skills training showed greater treatment response rates (59-65% vs. 19-25%) and clinical recovery rates (53-59% vs. 6-13%) on ADHD symptoms and EF, and greater improvements in quality of life.

CONCLUSION:

DBT group skills training may be efficacious, acceptable, and feasible for treating ADHD among college students. A larger randomized trial is needed for further evaluation.

KEYWORDS:

adult ADHD treatment; college students; dialectical behavior therapy; executive functioning; mindfulness

PMID:
24874347
DOI:
10.1177/1087054714535951
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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