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Cardiovasc Ther. 2014 Oct;32(5):193-7. doi: 10.1111/1755-5922.12081.

Effects of pitavastatin on the expression of VCAM-1 and its target gene miR-126 in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells.

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The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.



Reducing the expression of endothelial cell adhesion molecules is conducive to the decrease of inflammation-induced vascular complications. In this study, we observed pitavastatin on expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and its influence on VCAM-1's target gene miR-126 in endothelial cells. The purpose of this study is to explore the mechanism of pitavastatin in prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis.


HUVEC were cultured in M1640 and passages 2-5 were used in experiments. The cells were randomly divided into three groups, control, TNF-α and pitavastatin group. Cells of TNF-α group were co-incubated with different concentrations (10, 20, 30 μg/L) of TNF-α for 24 h. Cells of pitavastatin group were firstly coincubated with (0.01, 0.1, 1 μmol/L) pitavastatin, respectively, for 1 h, then coincubated with 30 μg/L TNF-α for 24 h. VCAM-1 and miR-126 mRNA were detected by RT-PCR, and Western blotting was used to detect protein expression of VCAM-1.


Both detection methods have showed that TNF-α stimulation significantly increased the mRNA and protein expression of VCAM-1 in a dose-dependent manner, and miR-126 mRNA expression exhibited a decreasing trend. The increase of VCAM-1 mRNA and protein expression induced by TNF-α was inhibited by pitavastatin in a dose-dependent manner, too. However, there were no differences of the expression of miR-126 among three groups.


These effects may explain the ability of pitavastatin to reduce the progression of atherosclerosis. The findings further suggest that inhibitory effect of pitavastatin on VCAM-1 is not related to miR-126 but depends on other ways.


Atherosclerosis; Endothelial cells; MiR-126; Pitavastatin; Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1

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