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Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2014 May 13;10:797-802. doi: 10.2147/NDT.S63143. eCollection 2014.

Factors associated with body image distortion in Korean adolescents.

Author information

1
College of Nursing, Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea.
2
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea.
3
Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea.
4
Department of Psychiatry, Yeouido St Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
5
Department of Psychiatry, Naju National Hospital, Naju, Korea.
6
School of Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Body image incorporates cognitive and affective components as well as behaviors related to own body perception. This study evaluated the occurrence of body image distortion and its correlates in Korean adolescents.

METHODS:

In a school-based cross-sectional survey, a total of 2,117 adolescents were recruited. They filled out self-completing questionnaires on body image distortion, eating attitudes, and behaviors (Eating Attitude Test-26) and related factors.

RESULTS:

Body image distortions were found in 51.8 percent of adolescents. Univariate analyses showed that boys and older adolescents had higher rates of body image distortion. In the multivariate analyses, body image distortion was associated with high risk for eating disorders (odds ratio [OR] =1.69; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11-2.58; P=0.015) and being over weight (OR =33.27; 95% CI 15.51-71.35; P<0.001) or obese (OR =9.37; 95% CI 5.06-17.34; P<0.001).

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that body image distortion is relatively common in Korean adolescents, which has implications for adolescents at risk of developing eating disorders.

KEYWORDS:

Korean adolescent; body image distortion; high risk for eating disorders

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