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J Anim Sci. 2014 Jun;92(6):2578-86. doi: 10.2527/jas.2014-7190.

Effect of vaccination against foot-and-mouth disease on growth performance of Korean native goat (Capra hircus coreanae).

Author information

1
Department of Animal Biosystem Sciences, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Animal Science and Technology, Sangji University, Wonju, Gangwon 220-702, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Animal Biosystem Sciences, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, Republic of Korea swseo@cnu.kr.

Abstract

The objectives of this study were 1) to evaluate the effects of vaccination against foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, hematological parameters, and behavior in a ruminant animal and 2) to investigate a possible strategy for reducing its adverse effect. A total of 12 Korean native goats (Capra hircus coreanae; 19.8 ± 2.9 kg) were used in a crossover design with 3 experimental periods and 3 treatments, randomized and balanced for counteracting possible carry-over effects. The treatments were 1) control, 2) co-injection with a commercially available dipyrone (CADI), and 3) supplementation with γ-amino butyric acid (GABA) at 10 g/kg in concentrate mix. Each period lasted 4 wk, and the vaccination against FMD was performed at 2 wk after the start of each period. The goats were individually housed in a metabolic cage and fed ad libitum with a diet consisting of bermuda grass and commercial concentrate mix (6:4, wt/wt). Dry matter intake, ADG, nutrients digestibility, hematological parameters, and behavioral activities of the goats were measured before and after vaccination. Although DMI was not decreased (P > 0.05), ADG was decreased by the vaccination to the goats (P < 0.01). The total number of leukocytes was increased while that of erythrocytes was decreased by the FMD vaccination (P < 0.01). The vaccination shortened standing time while extended lying time and the time spent in drinking (P < 0.05). The treatment by CADI reduced the adverse effect of vaccination on ADG and goat behavior compared with control and GABA treatment (P < 0.05). We concluded that the FMD vaccination decreased ADG of the goats without depression of diet intake, and CADI may attenuate the adverse effect of the FMD vaccination.

KEYWORDS:

Korean native goat (Capra hircus coreanae); foot-and-mouth disease; stress attenuation

PMID:
24867936
DOI:
10.2527/jas.2014-7190
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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