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J Anim Sci. 2014 Jun;92(6):2578-86. doi: 10.2527/jas.2014-7190.

Effect of vaccination against foot-and-mouth disease on growth performance of Korean native goat (Capra hircus coreanae).

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Department of Animal Biosystem Sciences, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, Republic of Korea.
Department of Animal Science and Technology, Sangji University, Wonju, Gangwon 220-702, Republic of Korea.
Department of Animal Biosystem Sciences, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, Republic of Korea


The objectives of this study were 1) to evaluate the effects of vaccination against foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, hematological parameters, and behavior in a ruminant animal and 2) to investigate a possible strategy for reducing its adverse effect. A total of 12 Korean native goats (Capra hircus coreanae; 19.8 ± 2.9 kg) were used in a crossover design with 3 experimental periods and 3 treatments, randomized and balanced for counteracting possible carry-over effects. The treatments were 1) control, 2) co-injection with a commercially available dipyrone (CADI), and 3) supplementation with γ-amino butyric acid (GABA) at 10 g/kg in concentrate mix. Each period lasted 4 wk, and the vaccination against FMD was performed at 2 wk after the start of each period. The goats were individually housed in a metabolic cage and fed ad libitum with a diet consisting of bermuda grass and commercial concentrate mix (6:4, wt/wt). Dry matter intake, ADG, nutrients digestibility, hematological parameters, and behavioral activities of the goats were measured before and after vaccination. Although DMI was not decreased (P > 0.05), ADG was decreased by the vaccination to the goats (P < 0.01). The total number of leukocytes was increased while that of erythrocytes was decreased by the FMD vaccination (P < 0.01). The vaccination shortened standing time while extended lying time and the time spent in drinking (P < 0.05). The treatment by CADI reduced the adverse effect of vaccination on ADG and goat behavior compared with control and GABA treatment (P < 0.05). We concluded that the FMD vaccination decreased ADG of the goats without depression of diet intake, and CADI may attenuate the adverse effect of the FMD vaccination.


Korean native goat (Capra hircus coreanae); foot-and-mouth disease; stress attenuation

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