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Mol Cancer Res. 2014 Sep;12(9):1244-53. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-14-0223-T. Epub 2014 May 27.

SIRT2 interacts with β-catenin to inhibit Wnt signaling output in response to radiation-induced stress.

Author information

1
Radiation Oncology Branch, NCI, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland.
2
Medical Oncology Branch, NCI, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland.
3
Radiation Oncology Branch, NCI, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland. smartd@mail.nih.gov.

Abstract

Wnt signaling is critical to maintaining cellular homeostasis via regulation of cell division, mitigation of cell stress, and degradation. Aberrations in Wnt signaling contribute to carcinogenesis and metastasis, whereas sirtuins have purported roles in carcinogenesis, aging, and neurodegeneration. Therefore, the hypothesis that sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) directly interacts with β-catenin and whether this interaction alters the expression of Wnt target genes to produce an altered cellular phenotype was tested. Coimmunoprecipitation studies, using mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) from Sirt2 wild-type and genomic knockout mice, demonstrate that β-catenin directly binds SIRT2. Moreover, this interaction increases in response to oxidative stress induced by ionizing radiation. In addition, this association inhibits the expression of important Wnt target genes such as survivin (BIRC5), cyclin D1 (CCND1), and c-myc (MYC). In Sirt2 null MEFs, an upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) and decreased E-cadherin (CDH1) expression is observed that produces increased cellular migration and invasion. Together, these data demonstrate that SIRT2, a tumor suppressor lost in multiple cancers, inhibits the Wnt signaling pathway in nonmalignant cells by binding to β-catenin and that SIRT2 plays a critical role in the response to oxidative stress from radiation.

IMPLICATIONS:

Disruption of the SIRT2-β-catenin interaction represents an endogenous therapeutic target to prevent transformation and preserve the integrity of aging cells against exogenous stressors such as reactive oxygen species.

PMID:
24866770
PMCID:
PMC4163538
DOI:
10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-14-0223-T
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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