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Gac Sanit. 2014 Jun;28 Suppl 1:124-31. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2014.03.009.

[Indicators to monitor the evolution of the economic crisis and its effects on health and health inequalities. SESPAS report 2014].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Servei de Sistemes d'Informació Sanitària, Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, España; Departamento de Ciencias Experimentales y de la Salud, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, España; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), España; Instituto de Investigación Biomédica Sant Pau (IIB Sant Pau), Barcelona, España. Electronic address: gperez@aspb.cat.
2
Servei de Sistemes d'Informació Sanitària, Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, España; Departamento de Ciencias Experimentales y de la Salud, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, España; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), España; Instituto de Investigación Biomédica Sant Pau (IIB Sant Pau), Barcelona, España.
3
Subdirección de Promoción de la Salud y Prevención, Consejería de Sanidad, Comunidad de Madrid, España.
4
Estratègia d'Alimentació i Vida Activa, Direcció General de Salut Pública i Consum, Conselleria de Salut, Família i Benestar Social, Palma de Mallorca, Mallorca, España.

Abstract

The economic crisis has adverse effects on determinants of health and health inequalities. The aim of this article was to present a set of indicators of health and its determinants to monitor the effects of the crisis in Spain. On the basis of the conceptual framework proposed by the Commission for the Reduction of Social Health Inequalities in Spain, we searched for indicators of social, economic, and political (structural and intermediate) determinants of health, as well as for health indicators, bearing in mind the axes of social inequality (gender, age, socioeconomic status, and country of origin). The indicators were mainly obtained from official data sources published on the internet. The selected indicators are periodically updated and are comparable over time and among territories (among autonomous communities and in some cases among European Union countries), and are available for age groups, gender, socio-economic status, and country of origin. However, many of these indicators are not sufficiently reactive to rapid change, which occurs in the economic crisis, and consequently require monitoring over time. Another limitation is the lack of availability of indicators for the various axes of social inequality. In conclusion, the proposed indicators allow for progress in monitoring the effects of the economic crisis on health and health inequalities in Spain.

KEYWORDS:

Determinantes sociales de la salud; Economic recession; Health status indicators; Indicadores de estado de salud; Public health surveillance; Recesión económica; Social determinants of health; Vigilancia de la salud pública

PMID:
24864001
DOI:
10.1016/j.gaceta.2014.03.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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