Send to

Choose Destination
Semin Perinatol. 2014 Jun;38(4):219-21. doi: 10.1053/j.semperi.2014.04.008.

Risk factors for neonatal brachial plexus palsy.

Author information

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 2020 Zonal Ave, IRD 220, Los Angeles, CA 90033. Electronic address:


Neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) is an unpredictable complication of childbirth. Historic risk factors for the occurrence of NBPP have included shoulder dystocia, fetal macrosomia, labor abnormalities, operative vaginal delivery, and prior NBPP. However, whether studied alone or in combination, these risk factors have not been shown to be reliable predictors. The majority of NBPP cases occur in women with infants <4500 g who are not diabetic and have no other identifiable risk factors. Furthermore, cesarean section reduces but does not completely eliminate the risk for NBPP. In this section, the relationship of these historic obstetric risk factors to the occurrence of NBPP is further explored.


Macrosomia; Shoulder dystocia

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center