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Thromb Res. 2014 May;133 Suppl 2:S128-32. doi: 10.1016/S0049-3848(14)50022-9.

New strategies of VTE prevention in cancer patients.

Author information

1
Division of Internal and Cardiovascular Medicine - Stroke Unit, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy. Electronic address: melina.verso@unipg.it.
2
Division of Internal and Cardiovascular Medicine - Stroke Unit, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

Abstract

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication in patients with cancer. VTE is a main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cancer and has a significant impact on their quality of life. Preventing VTE in cancer patients reduces both morbidity and mortality. The level of evidence for antithrombotic prophylaxis of VTE in patients with cancer varies for hospitalized and ambulatory patients. Hospitalized patients with active cancer (for both medical or surgical indication) and reduced mobility should receive thromboprophylaxis throughout hospital stay. Prophylaxis of VTE is not routinely recommended for outpatients with cancer on chemotherapy. For these patients, current guidelines suggest that clinicians should consider antithrombotic prophylaxis on a case-by-case basis in highly selected outpatients. Different strategies for identification of high-risk outpatients with cancer who could benefit of thromboprophylaxis are under consideration. The new oral anticoagulants could have a role for VTE prevention in ambulatory patients with cancer who are on chemotherapy, as they are administered at a fixed dose without routine laboratory monitoring and may have fewer drug interactions with anticancer agents.

KEYWORDS:

Anticoagulants; Cancer; Deep venous thrombosis; Prevention; Pulmonary embolism; Venoues thromboembolism

PMID:
24862133
DOI:
10.1016/S0049-3848(14)50022-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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