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Glob Health Action. 2014 May 23;7:24154. doi: 10.3402/gha.v7.24154. eCollection 2014.

Climate change and health modeling: horses for courses.

Author information

1
Epidemiology and Global Health, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå Centre for Global Health Research, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; krisebi@essllc.org.
2
Epidemiology and Global Health, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå Centre for Global Health Research, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Abstract

Mathematical and statistical models are needed to understand the extent to which weather, climate variability, and climate change are affecting current and may affect future health burdens in the context of other risk factors and a range of possible development pathways, and the temporal and spatial patterns of any changes. Such understanding is needed to guide the design and the implementation of adaptation and mitigation measures. Because each model projection captures only a narrow range of possible futures, and because models serve different purposes, multiple models are needed for each health outcome ('horses for courses'). Multiple modeling results can be used to bracket the ranges of when, where, and with what intensity negative health consequences could arise. This commentary explores some climate change and health modeling issues, particularly modeling exposure-response relationships, developing early warning systems, projecting health risks over coming decades, and modeling to inform decision-making. Research needs are also suggested.

KEYWORDS:

Responsible Editors: Nawi Ng, Umeå University, Sweden.; climate change; climate variability; health impacts; modeling; research needs

PMID:
24861341
PMCID:
PMC4033322
DOI:
10.3402/gha.v7.24154
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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