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Angle Orthod. 2015 Jan;85(1):127-33. doi: 10.2319/012814-75.1.

Comparison of soft-tissue orbital morphometry in attractive and normal Italian subjects.

Author information

1
a  Professor of Human Anatomy, Functional Anatomy Research Center, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute, Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify esthetic characteristics of the orbital soft tissues of attractive Italian adult women and men.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Three-dimensional computerized digitizers were used to collect the coordinates of facial landmarks in 199 healthy, normal subjects aged 18 to 30 years (71 women, 128 men; mean age, 22 years) and in 126 coetaneous attractive subjects (92 women, 34 men; mean age, 20 years) selected during beauty competitions. From the landmarks, six linear distances, two ratios, six angles, and two areas were calculated. Attractive subjects were compared with normal ones by computing z-scores.

RESULTS:

Intercanthal width was reduced while eye fissure lengths were increased in both genders. Orbital heights (os-or) were increased only in attractive women, with a significant gender-related difference. The inclinations of the eye fissure were increased in attractive subjects, while the inclinations of the orbit were reduced. For several of the analyzed measurements, similar patterns of z-scores were observed for attractive men and women (r  =  .883).

CONCLUSION:

Attractive women and men had several specific esthetic characteristics in their orbital soft tissues; esthetic reference values can be used to determine optimal goals in surgical treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Attractiveness; Face; Soft tissues

PMID:
24857159
DOI:
10.2319/012814-75.1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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