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Ultrasonics. 2014 Sep;54(7):1945-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ultras.2014.04.027. Epub 2014 May 14.

Diagnostic value of elastosonography for thyroid microcarcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Ultrasonographic Diagnosis and Therapy, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin, China.
2
Department of Ultrasonographic Diagnosis and Therapy, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin, China. Electronic address: zs19620112@126.com.
3
Department of Thyroid and Neck Tumor, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the diagnostic value of elastosonography for thyroid microcarcinoma (TMC), particularly with regard to elasticity score (ES) and strain ratio (SR).

METHODS:

Conventional ultrasound and elastosonography were performed for 487 thyroid micronodules before surgery. We set the histology as the reference standard. The ES and SR values, as well as their diagnostic threshold and efficiency, were compared and analyzed by the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Additional comparisons between TMC patients with and without extracapsular extension were also performed.

RESULTS:

Statistically significant differences (P<0.05) in both ES and SR values were detected among the TMC and benign groups. The area under the ROC curve of SR was significantly greater than that of ES (0.956 and 0.844, respectively; P<0.05). Using ES⩾3 and SR⩾3.65 as diagnostic threshold values, the diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of ES for differentiating benign and malignant nodules were 79.9%, 72.3%, and 80.5%, respectively, whereas those of SR were 86.6%, 85.3%, and 89.4%, respectively. The maximum diameter, microcalcification status, aspect ratio, bilateral cervical lymph node metastasis, and SR values of nodules with extracapsular extension (A1 subgroup) were greater than those of nodules without extracapsular extension (A2 subgroup).

CONCLUSIONS:

Elasticity imaging technology not only can help differentiate between benign and malignant thyroid micronodules but also allow SR values to provide accurate and objective information on tissue hardness and to predict TMC extracapsular extension or even bilateral cervical lymph node metastasis.

KEYWORDS:

Elasticity score; Elastosonography; Strain ratio; Thyroid micronodules; Ultrasound

PMID:
24856655
DOI:
10.1016/j.ultras.2014.04.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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