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Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2014 Oct;92(1):1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.critrevonc.2014.04.003. Epub 2014 May 2.

High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation for patients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma: a systematic review with meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Cochrane Haematological Malignancies Group, Department I of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany. Electronic address: michaela.rancea@uk-koeln.de.
2
Department I of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
3
Cochrane Haematological Malignancies Group, Department I of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Abstract

Treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma is effective for about 85% of the patients. A gold-standard for the 15% of relapsing patients is still missing. High-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has shown efficacy and safety for patients, but up to date no survival benefit revealed. After systematic literature search we identified three randomised controlled trials from 1663 total hits. Meta-analysis of two trials (157 patients) showed a statistically significant increase in progression-free survival (hazard ratio 0.55, 95% confidence interval 0.35-0.86) for patients treated with HDCT and ASCT compared to conventional chemotherapy, but no difference in overall survival nor increased adverse events. The third trial (241 patients) showed an statistically significant increase in infections and 5% more treatment-related mortalities following sequential HDCT plus HDCT and ASCT compared to HDCT plus ASCT, without differences in the efficacy endpoints overall survival or progression-free survival.

KEYWORDS:

Hodgkin lymphoma; Meta-analysis; Relapse; Treatment

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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