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Dev Biol. 2014 Aug 15;392(2):368-80. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2014.05.007. Epub 2014 May 20.

Hectd1 is required for development of the junctional zone of the placenta.

Author information

1
Center for Neuroscience Research, Children׳s Research Institute, and Children׳s National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010, USA.
2
Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, The George Washington Institute for Neuroscience, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA; The George Washington Institute for Neuroscience, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA.
3
University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.
4
Center for Neuroscience Research, Children׳s Research Institute, and Children׳s National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010, USA; Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, The George Washington Institute for Neuroscience, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA; The George Washington Institute for Neuroscience, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA. Electronic address: izohn@cnmcresearch.org.

Abstract

The placenta plays a critical role in the growth and survival of the fetus. Here we demonstrate that the Homologous to the E6-AP Carboxyl Terminus (HECT) domain E3 ubiquitin ligase, Hectd1, is essential for development of the mouse placenta. Hectd1 is widely expressed during placentation with enrichment in trophoblast giant cells (TGCs) and other trophoblast-derived cell subtypes in the junctional and labyrinth zones of the placenta. Disruption of Hectd1 results in mid-gestation lethality and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Variable defects in the gross structure of the mutant placenta are found including alterations in diameter, thickness and lamination. The number and nuclear size of TGCs is reduced. Examination of subtype specific markers reveals altered TGC development with decreased expression of Placental lactogen-1 and -2 (Pl1 and Pl2) and increased expression of Proliferin (Plf). Reduced numbers of spongiotrophoblasts and glycogen trophoblasts were also found at the junctional zone of the Hectd1 mutant placenta. Finally, there was an increase in immature uterine natural killer (uNK) cells in the maternal decidua of the Hectd1 mutant placenta. Proliferation and apoptosis are differentially altered in the layers of the placenta with an increase in both apoptosis and proliferation in the maternal decidua, a decrease in proliferation and increase in apoptosis in the labyrinth layer and both unchanged in the junctional zone. Together these data demonstrate that Hectd1 is required for development of multiple cell types within the junctional zone of the placenta.

KEYWORDS:

HECT E3 ligase; Placenta; Trophoblast

PMID:
24855001
PMCID:
PMC4578812
DOI:
10.1016/j.ydbio.2014.05.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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