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J Am Soc Nephrol. 2014 Dec;25(12):2740-51. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2013080912. Epub 2014 May 22.

Improving mutation screening in familial hematuric nephropathies through next generation sequencing.

Author information

1
Departments of Genetics, and Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Reference Center for Renal Hereditary Disease for Children and Adults (MARHEA), Paris, France;
2
Department of Genetics, Institute of Pathology and Genetics, Gosselies, Belgium;
3
Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Reference Center for Renal Hereditary Disease for Children and Adults (MARHEA), Paris, France;
4
Department of Clinical Genetics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden;
5
Genomics Platform, Imagine Institute, Paris, France;
6
Bioinformatics Platform, Paris Descartes-Sorbonne Paris Cité University, Paris, France;
7
Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Nephrology Service, Tenon Hospital, Paris, France;
8
Nephrology Service and.
9
Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Pediatric Nephrology Service, Robert Debré Hospital, Paris, France; and.
10
Pathology, and.
11
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Inserm UMR 1163, Laboratory of Inherited Kidney Diseases, Imagine Institute, Paris, France.
12
Departments of Genetics, and Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Reference Center for Renal Hereditary Disease for Children and Adults (MARHEA), Paris, France; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Inserm UMR 1163, Laboratory of Inherited Kidney Diseases, Imagine Institute, Paris, France Paris Descartes-Sorbonne Paris Cité University, and corinne.antignac@inserm.fr.
13
Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Reference Center for Renal Hereditary Disease for Children and Adults (MARHEA), Paris, France; Pediatric Nephrology Service, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital, Paris, France;

Abstract

Alport syndrome is an inherited nephropathy associated with mutations in genes encoding type IV collagen chains present in the glomerular basement membrane. COL4A5 mutations are associated with the major X-linked form of the disease, and COL4A3 and COL4A4 mutations are associated with autosomal recessive and dominant forms (thought to be involved in 15% and 1%-5% of the families, respectively) and benign familial hematuria. Mutation screening of these three large genes is time-consuming and expensive. Here, we carried out a combination of multiplex PCR, amplicon quantification, and next generation sequencing (NGS) analysis of three genes in 101 unrelated patients. We identified 88 mutations and 6 variations of unknown significance on 116 alleles in 83 patients. Two additional indel mutations were found only by secondary Sanger sequencing, but they were easily identified retrospectively with the web-based sequence visualization tool Integrative Genomics Viewer. Altogether, 75 mutations were novel. Sequencing the three genes simultaneously was particularly advantageous as the mode of inheritance could not be determined with certainty in many instances. The proportion of mutations in COL4A3 and COL4A4 was notably high, and the autosomal dominant forms of Alport syndrome appear more frequently than reported previously. Finally, this approach allowed the identification of large COL4A3 and COL4A4 rearrangements not described previously. We conclude that NGS is efficient, reduces screening time and cost, and facilitates the provision of appropriate genetic counseling in Alport syndrome.

KEYWORDS:

Alport syndrome; genetic renal disease; molecular genetics

PMID:
24854265
PMCID:
PMC4243343
DOI:
10.1681/ASN.2013080912
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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