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Pediatr Clin North Am. 2014 Jun;61(3):529-39. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2014.03.002.

The lacrimal system.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University Hospitals Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address: faruk.orge@uhhospitals.org.
2
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University Hospitals Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Abstract

The lacrimal system comprises of a series of anatomical structures with specific physiologic properties. Tearing from a nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) is the most common lacrimal system abnormality encountered by pediatric ophthalmologists. Most NLDOs spontaneously improve with conservative management by 12 months of age, but persistent or atypical cases may be treated with a procedure consisting of probing and irrigation of the lacrimal system. Other less common but significant lacrimal system abnormalities are also discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Dacryocystocele; Epiphora (tearing); Lacrimal system; Nasolacrimal duct obstruction; Tear duct probe

PMID:
24852150
DOI:
10.1016/j.pcl.2014.03.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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