Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Plant Cell. 2014 May;26(5):2055-2067. Epub 2014 May 21.

The Stem Cell Niche in Leaf Axils Is Established by Auxin and Cytokinin in Arabidopsis.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Center for Plant Gene Research, Beijing 100101, China Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125.
2
State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Center for Plant Gene Research, Beijing 100101, China University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.
3
State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Center for Plant Gene Research, Beijing 100101, China College of Agronomy, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.
4
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 Sainsbury Laboratory at Cambridge University, Cambridge CB2 1LR, United Kingdom.
5
State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Center for Plant Gene Research, Beijing 100101, China yljiao@genetics.ac.cn.

Abstract

Plants differ from most animals in their ability to initiate new cycles of growth and development, which relies on the establishment and activity of branch meristems harboring new stem cell niches. In seed plants, this is achieved by axillary meristems, which are established in the axil of each leaf base and develop into lateral branches. Here, we describe the initial processes of Arabidopsis thaliana axillary meristem initiation. Using reporter gene expression analysis, we find that axillary meristems initiate from leaf axil cells with low auxin through stereotypical stages. Consistent with this, ectopic overproduction of auxin in the leaf axil efficiently inhibits axillary meristem initiation. Furthermore, our results demonstrate that auxin efflux is required for the leaf axil auxin minimum and axillary meristem initiation. After lowering of auxin levels, a subsequent cytokinin signaling pulse is observed prior to axillary meristem initiation. Genetic analysis suggests that cytokinin perception and signaling are both required for axillary meristem initiation. Finally, we show that cytokinin overproduction in the leaf axil partially rescue axillary meristem initiation-deficient mutants. These results define a mechanistic framework for understanding axillary meristem initiation.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center