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Autoimmunity. 1989;2(4):275-84.

LPS augments adoptive transfer of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in the Lewis rat.

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1
Laboratory of Cerebral Metabolism, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.

Abstract

Adoptive transfer of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is enhanced after in vitro culture of myelin basic protein (BP)-sensitized lymphoid cells with BP. Addition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to the culture further augments transfer of EAE to a level 5 times greater than that achieved with cells activated only with BP. Neither the proliferative response of a BP-specific cell line nor the production of IL-2 by BP-sensitized lymphoid cells in response to BP was augmented by the addition of LPS to the culture. Augmentation of EAE was also observed if recipients received simultaneous injections of BP-sensitized lymph node cells (BP/LNC) cultured with BP (BP-activated) and normal spleen cells cultured independently with LPS (LPS/Spl-C). To analyze the effect of contact between these two cell populations in vivo, we mixed the two cell populations in vitro at reduced cell concentrations. When BP-activated BP-LNC were mixed with LPS-Spl-C in vitro, a marked synergistic proliferative response was observed. Irradiation of BP-activated BP/LNC abrogated this synergistic response, whereas irradiation of LPS/Spl-C did not, suggesting that the proliferating population was in the BP/LNC and that the LPS/Spl-C enhanced their proliferation. These results indicate that LPS exerts its effect through BP-nonspecific cells and that these cells enhance transfer of EAE by augmenting the proliferation of the BP-specific cells in vivo after transfer.

PMID:
2485079
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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