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J Tissue Eng Regen Med. 2015 Nov;9(11):1205-16. doi: 10.1002/term.1899. Epub 2014 May 21.

Dental pulp stem cells: function, isolation and applications in regenerative medicine.

Author information

1
Tecnologica Research Institute, Regenerative Medicine Section, St. E. Fermi, Crotone, Italy.
2
Calabrodental, Maxillofacial Unit, St. E. Fermi, Crotone, Italy.
3
Wolfson Centre for Stem Cells, Tissue Engineering and Modelling (STEM), School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, UK.

Abstract

Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) are a promising source of cells for numerous and varied regenerative medicine applications. Their natural function in the production of odontoblasts to create reparative dentin support applications in dentistry in the regeneration of tooth structures. However, they are also being investigated for the repair of tissues outside of the tooth. The ease of isolation of DPSCs from discarded or removed teeth offers a promising source of autologous cells, and their similarities with bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) suggest applications in musculoskeletal regenerative medicine. DPSCs are derived from the neural crest and, therefore, have a different developmental origin to BMSCs. These differences from BMSCs in origin and phenotype are being exploited in neurological and other applications. This review briefly highlights the source and functions of DPSCs and then focuses on in vivo applications across the breadth of regenerative medicine.

KEYWORDS:

angiogenesis; bone regeneration; dental pulp stem cells; isolation; neural regeneration; pulp regeneration

PMID:
24850632
DOI:
10.1002/term.1899
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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