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Biochem Soc Trans. 2014 Jun;42(3):657-61. doi: 10.1042/BST20140089.

Coupled cellular therapy and magnetic targeting for airway regeneration.

Author information

1
*UCL Lungs for Living Research Centre, Division of Medicine, Rayne Building, 5 University Street, London WC1E 6JF, U.K.
2
†UCL Centre for Advanced Biomedical Imaging, Division of Medicine and UCL Institute of Child Health, 72 Huntley Street, London WC1E 6DD, U.K.

Abstract

Airway diseases including COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), cystic fibrosis and lung cancer are leading causes of worldwide morbidity and mortality, with annual healthcare costs of billions of pounds. True regeneration of damaged airways offers the possibility of restoring lung function and protecting against airway transformation. Recently, advances in tissue engineering have allowed the development of cadaveric and biosynthetic airway grafts. Although these have produced encouraging results, the ability to achieve long-term functional airway regeneration remains a major challenge. To promote regeneration, exogenously delivered stem and progenitor cells are being trialled as cellular therapies. Unfortunately, current evidence suggests that only small numbers of exogenously delivered stem cells engraft within lungs, thereby limiting their utility for airway repair. In other organ systems, magnetic targeting has shown promise for improving long-term robust cell engraftment. This technique involves in vitro cell expansion, magnetic actuation and magnetically guided cell engraftment to sites of tissue damage. In the present paper, we discuss the utility of coupling stem cell-mediated cellular therapy with magnetic targeting for improving airway regeneration.

PMID:
24849234
DOI:
10.1042/BST20140089
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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