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Nat Chem. 2014 Jun;6(6):484-91.

Synthesis of most polyene natural product motifs using just 12 building blocks and one coupling reaction.

Erratum in

  • Nat Chem. 2014 Jun 20;6(7):650.

Abstract

The inherent modularity of polypeptides, oligonucleotides and oligosaccharides has been harnessed to achieve generalized synthesis platforms. Importantly, like these other targets, most small-molecule natural products are biosynthesized via iterative coupling of bifunctional building blocks. This suggests that many small molecules also possess inherent modularity commensurate with systematic building block-based construction. Supporting this hypothesis, here we report that the polyene motifs found in >75% of all known polyene natural products can be synthesized using just 12 building blocks and one coupling reaction. Using the same general retrosynthetic algorithm and reaction conditions, this platform enabled both the synthesis of a wide range of polyene frameworks that covered all of this natural-product chemical space and the first total syntheses of the polyene natural products asnipyrone B, physarigin A and neurosporaxanthin b-D-glucopyranoside. Collectively, these results suggest the potential for a more generalized approach to making small molecules in the laboratory.

PMID:
24848233
PMCID:
PMC4079739
DOI:
10.1038/nchem.1947
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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