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Mol Endocrinol. 1987 Oct;1(10):735-44.

Structural organization and expression of the mouse estrogen receptor.

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Molecular Endocrinology Laboratory, Imperial Cancer Research Fund, United Kingdom.


Complementary DNA clones corresponding to the mouse uterus estrogen receptor mRNA have been isolated and characterized. Nucleotide sequence analysis predicts that full-length cDNA has the potential to code for a polypeptide of 599 amino acids, and comparison with the protein sequences of the rat, human, and chicken estrogen receptors reveals overall homologies of 97%, 88% and 77%, respectively. Genomic clones for the mouse estrogen receptor have been isolated from a cosmid library and used in conjunction with the cDNA clones to study the expression of the receptor in vivo by RNase mapping, primer extension, and Northern blotting. These analyses demonstrate that transcription initiates at multiple sites which span a region of at least 62 base pairs and that the estrogen receptor is encoded by mRNA of approximately 6.5 kilobases in size. There are 10 major starts in total, one of which is situated 31 nucleotides downstream from a TATA box-like motif and coincides with the start of the cDNA clone pMOR8. The ability of the cDNA clone to produce a functional protein was verified by transfection into COS-1 cells which lack endogenous estrogen receptor. The mouse estrogen receptor, in a SV40-based expression vector, was cotransfected with a chimeric marker plasmid consisting of an estrogen response element from the vitellogenin A2 gene linked to the thymidine kinase promoter and the chloramphenicol acetyl transferase gene. In the presence of estradiol chloramphenicol acetyl transferase activity is stimulated by up to 80-fold, while tamoxifen and 4-hydroxytamoxifen act primarily as antiestrogens in this in vitro assay.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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