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Biol Trace Elem Res. 1989 Jul-Sep;21:61-71.

Effects of chromium(III) on DNA replication in vitro.

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1
Institute of Environmental Medicine, New York University Medical Center, A. J. Lanza Laboratory, Tuxedo 10987.

Abstract

A number of metal compounds are important environmental carcinogens; however, the molecular mechanisms of metal-induced genotoxicity are not yet understood. Chromium, for example, is substantially mutagenic in vivo and has been shown to decrease the DNA replication fidelity in vitro. But the mechanism of chromium-induced mutagenesis is unknown and the role of replication fidelity in chromium-induced carcinogenesis is unclear. We have used in vitro DNA replication assays to investigate the effects of chromium ions on DNA polymerase activity preliminary to studying their role in chromium-induced mutagenesis. Biologically active M13mp2 DNA was replicated with purified DNA polymerases in the presence of micromolar amounts of chromium with or without the normal divalent cation, magnesium. Nucleotide incorporation kinetics were determined and sequence specific pausing was analyzed by primer-extension. Our results have demonstrated an unexpected polymerase activation by low (0.5-5.0 microns) concentrations of chromium (III), although higher concentrations of chromium are increasingly inhibitory. The increased incorporation seem at low chromium(III) concentrations is the result of increased enzyme processivity and is not polymerase specific. The possible relationship between processivity and metal-ion mutagenesis is discussed.

PMID:
2484633
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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