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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2014 Sep;1841(9):1256-63. doi: 10.1016/j.bbalip.2014.05.004. Epub 2014 May 17.

Cyclic phosphatidic acid and lysophosphatidic acid induce hyaluronic acid synthesis via CREB transcription factor regulation in human skin fibroblasts.

Author information

1
Endowed Research Division of Human Welfare Sciences, Ochanomizu University, 2-1-1 Ohtsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8610, Japan; ALBION Co., Ltd., Hulic Ginza building, 1-7-10, Ginza, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0061, Japan.
2
Endowed Research Division of Human Welfare Sciences, Ochanomizu University, 2-1-1 Ohtsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8610, Japan.
3
SANSHO Co., Ltd., Toyo building, 1-2-10, Nihonbashi, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 103-0027, Japan.
4
ALBION Co., Ltd., Hulic Ginza building, 1-7-10, Ginza, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0061, Japan.
5
Science and Education Center, Ochanomizu University, 2-1-1 Ohtsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8610, Japan.
6
Endowed Research Division of Human Welfare Sciences, Ochanomizu University, 2-1-1 Ohtsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8610, Japan. Electronic address: murofushi.kimiko@ocha.ac.jp.

Abstract

Cyclic phosphatidic acid (cPA) is a naturally occurring phospholipid mediator and an analog of the growth factor-like phospholipid lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). cPA has a unique cyclic phosphate ring at the sn-2 and sn-3 positions of its glycerol backbone. We showed before that a metabolically stabilized cPA derivative, 2-carba-cPA, relieved osteoarthritis pathogenesis in vivo and induced hyaluronic acid synthesis in human osteoarthritis synoviocytes in vitro. This study focused on hyaluronic acid synthesis in human fibroblasts, which retain moisture and maintain health in the dermis. We investigated the effects of cPA and LPA on hyaluronic acid synthesis in human fibroblasts (NB1RGB cells). Using particle exclusion and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, we found that both cPA and LPA dose-dependently induced hyaluronic acid synthesis. We revealed that the expression of hyaluronan synthase 2 messenger RNA and protein is up-regulated by cPA and LPA treatment time dependently. We then characterized the signaling pathways up-regulating hyaluronic acid synthesis mediated by cPA and LPA in NB1RGB cells. Pharmacological inhibition and reporter gene assays revealed that the activation of the LPA receptor LPAR1, Gi/o protein, phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K), extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein (CREB) but not nuclear factor κB induced hyaluronic acid synthesis by the treatment with cPA and LPA in NB1RGB cells. These results demonstrate for the first time that cPA and LPA induce hyaluronic acid synthesis in human skin fibroblasts mainly through the activation of LPAR1-Gi/o followed by the PI3K, ERK, and CREB signaling pathway.

KEYWORDS:

Cyclic phosphatidic acid; Human skin fibroblast; Hyaluronan synthase; Hyaluronic acid; Lysophosphatidic acid

PMID:
24845645
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbalip.2014.05.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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