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J Diabetes Investig. 2014 Mar 23;5(2):242-7. doi: 10.1111/jdi.12148. Epub 2013 Oct 10.

Interactive effects of an isocaloric high-protein diet and resistance exercise on body composition, ghrelin, and metabolic and hormonal parameters in untrained young men: A randomized clinical trial.

Author information

1
Department of Family Medicine Pusan National University School of Medicine Yangsan Korea.
2
Medical Education Unit and Medical Research Institute Pusan National University School of Medicine Yangsan Korea ; Family Medicine Clinic and Research Institute of Convergence of Biomedical Science and Technology Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital Yangsan Korea.
3
Family Medicine Clinic and Research Institute of Convergence of Biomedical Science and Technology Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital Yangsan Korea.
4
Department of Family Medicine Pusan National University School of Medicine Yangsan Korea ; Family Medicine Clinic and Research Institute of Convergence of Biomedical Science and Technology Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital Yangsan Korea.
5
Department of Physical Education Kyungnam University College of Education Masan Korea.

Abstract

AIMS/INTRODUCTION:

The interactive effects of resistance training and dietary protein on hormonal responses in adults are not clear and remain controversial. We tested the effect of an isocaloric high-protein diet on body composition, ghrelin, and metabolic and hormonal parameters during a 12-week resistance training program in untrained healthy young men.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

We randomized 18 healthy young men to a standard diet (ST group) or an isocaloric high protein diet (HP group). Both groups participated in a 12-week resistance exercise program. We measured body composition, lipid profile, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) indices, total ghrelin, and exercise-related hormones at baseline and 12 weeks.

RESULTS:

In the HP group, lean body mass (LBM), total ghrelin, growth hormone, testosterone and cortisol levels showed an increase, whereas body fat percentage and HOMA-IR showed a decrease at 12 weeks, compared with baseline (P ≤ 0.05). In the ST group, no changes in these parameters were observed during the 12-week period. During the 12-week period, significant differences in the pattern of change of LBM (P = 0.032), total ghrelin (P = 0.037), HOMA-IR (P = 0.040) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P = 0.011) over time were observed between the groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings of the present study suggest that an isocaloric high-protein diet can ameliorate body composition, metabolic profiles and energy metabolism during a 12-week scheduled resistance training program in untrained healthy young men. This trial was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (no. NCT01714700).

KEYWORDS:

Hormone; Protein; Resistance exercise

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