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Srp Arh Celok Lek. 2014 Mar-Apr;142(3-4):219-22.

Second look procedure for large burn defect by banana peel pericranial flap based on one artery.



Scalp and calvarial defects may result from trauma, thermal or electrical burns, resection of benign or malignant tumors, infections or radionecrosis. Reconstruction of large scalp defects is a demanding procedure. The reconstructive "ladder" are applicable to scalp and calvarial defects reconstruction.


A 68-year-old female was admitted to our clinic due to the nine-day old scalp burn wound, incurred under unclear circumstances. Third degree burn wound affected the left frontal-parietal, temporal and part of the occipital region with carbonification of the whole left ear lobe.The treatment was carried out in two stages. Radical full thickness necrectomy of the scalp was performed, the defect margins were curetted to the active bleeding, and the ear lobe was amputated.The defect sized 23 x 15 cm was reconstructed using the"banana peel"transposition galea-cutaneous flap from the remainder of the scalp, which was based only on the right occipital artery.Two months after the surgery the appearance was satisfactory, and all wounds were healed.


Designing of large-scale flaps is very hazardous, especially in elderly people. Scalp reconstruction based on one artery has to be planned in detail and performed when the possibility of complication is reduced to minimum. Our case report underlines possible reconstruction as delayed procedure even with the exposed bone (second look procedure), as well as the reconstruction of half scalp with the local flap based on one pericranial artery.

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