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Learn Individ Differ. 2014 May 1;32:26-39.

Achievement-Relevant Personality: Relations with the Big Five and Validation of an Efficient Instrument.

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Department of Psychology and Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin.
Department of Psychology, University of Virginia.


Many achievement-relevant personality measures (APMs) have been developed, but the interrelations among APMs or associations with the broader personality landscape are not well-known. In Study 1, 214 participants were measured on 36 APMs and a measure of the Big Five. Factor analytic results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of five latent dimensions: performance, mastery, self-doubt, effort, and intellectual investment. Conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience had the most consistent associations with APMs. We constructed a more efficient scale- the Multidimensional Achievement-Relevant Personality Scale (MAPS). In Study 2, we replicated the factor structure and external correlates of the MAPS in a sample of 359 individuals. Finally, we validated the MAPS with four indicators of academic performance and demonstrated incremental validity.


Academic Achievement; Achievement-Relevant Personality; Approaches to Learning; Big Five; Effort; Intellectual Investment

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