Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Cardiol. 2014 Jul 15;175(1):78-82. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.04.257. Epub 2014 May 2.

Combined use of aortic dissection detection risk score and D-dimer in the diagnostic workup of suspected acute aortic dissection.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, Careggi University Hospital, Firenze, Italy.
2
Department of Emergency, A.O. Città della Salute e della Scienza, Molinette Hospital, Torino, Italy. Electronic address: fmorello@cittadellasalute.to.it.
3
Department of Emergency, A.O. Città della Salute e della Scienza, Molinette Hospital, Torino, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Acute aortic dissection (AD) represents a diagnostic conundrum. Validated algorithms are particularly needed to identify patients where AD could be ruled out without aortic imaging. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of a strategy combining the aortic dissection detection (ADD) risk score with D-dimer, a sensitive biomarker of AD.

METHODS:

Patients from two clinical centers with suspected AD were prospectively enrolled in a registry, from January 2008 to March 2013. The ADD risk score was calculated by retrospective blinded chart review. For D-dimer, a cutoff of 500 ng/ml was applied.

RESULTS:

AD was diagnosed in 233 of 1035 (22.5%) patients. The ADD risk score was 0 in 322 (31.1%), 1 in 508 (49.1%) and >1 in 205 (19.8%) patients. The sensitivity and the failure rate of D-dimer were 100% and 0% in patients with ADD score 0, versus 97.5% (95% CI 91.4-99.6%) and 4.2% (95% CI 0.7-12.5%) in patients with ADD risk score >1. In patients with ADD risk score ≤ 1, the sensitivity and the failure rate of D-dimer were 98.7% (95% CI 95.3-99.8%) and 0.8% (95% CI 0.1-2.6%). The diagnostic efficiency of D-dimer in patients with ADD risk score 0 and ≤ 1 was 8.9% (95% CI 7.2-10.7%) and 23.6% (95% CI 21.1-26.2%) respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

In a large cohort of patients with suspected AD, the presence of ADD risk score 0 or ≤ 1 combined with a negative D-dimer accurately and efficiently ruled out AD.

KEYWORDS:

Aortic dissection; D-dimer; Diagnosis

PMID:
24838058
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.04.257
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for University of Turin Instituional Repository AperTO
Loading ...
Support Center