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Bratisl Lek Listy. 2014;115(5):275-9.

The effect of levosimendan combined with 20% lipid emulsion treatment on survival from bupivacaine induced toxicity in experiment.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recent reports demonstrated that levosimendan improved post-resuscitation myocardial function in rat and pig models.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Rabbits were randomized into 4 groups as 12 rabbits in each group. Bupivacaine 10 mg/kg was injected as an intravenous bolus to all groups. Basic life support was performed by mechanical ventilation and manual external chest compressions. After 1 min, animals in the group 1 received 1.5 ml/ kg saline 0.9% solution, and animals in the groups 2 and 4 received 5 ml/kg 20% lipid emulsion for 1 min through the ear vein followed by continuous infusion at 0.25 ml/kg/min. Three additional boluses of 1.5 ml/ kg lipid emulsion were repeated at 5-min intervals. The group 3 received fluid resuscitation plus levosimendan (3 µg/kg/min) 1 min after asystole and the group 4 received both levosimendan and lipid emulsion treatment. Return of spontaneous circulation and hemodynamic metrics were obtained in 20 minutes.

RESULTS:

The number of rabbits that survived after cardiac resuscitation was lower in the Groups 1 (0%) and 3 (33.3%) than in the Group 4 (91.7%) with a statistically significant difference (p < 0.001). The number of rabbits that survived resuscitation was higher in the Group 4 than in the Group 2 (66.7%), though not with a statistically significant difference (p = 0.317). The median duration of cardiac arrest in the Group 4 was significantly shorter than that in the other three groups (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

In this rabbit model of bupivacaine-induced cardiac arrest, resuscitation with combined iv lipid emulsion and levosimendan was more efficacious than lipid alone (Tab. 3, Ref. 24).

PMID:
24836408
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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