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Rev Med Suisse. 2014 Apr 16;10(426):854-8.

[Systemic vasculitides: novel nomenclature and novel therapeutic approaches].

[Article in French]


A novel nomenclature of systemic vasculitides is proposed by the 2012 Chapel Hill Consensus Conference. It aims at substituting established eponyms and introducing new terms and groups closer to our current understanding of vasculitis pathophysiology. In parallel, a therapeutic revolution is taking place partially based on the concept of re-induction of immune tolerance for ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV). Two major multicentric randomized studies have shown that rituximab (RTX), monoclonal antibody capable of selectively killing B lymphocytes, is not inferior when compared to cyclophosphamide (CYC) to induce remission in AAV, and superior in the case of disease relapse. Thus, a hot debate is taking place whether or not to maintain CYC or use RTX in AAV. An individual-based choice may be wise for the moment being.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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