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Appl Res Qual Life. 2014;9:273-283. Epub 2013 Mar 7.

Hope as a Psychological Factor Affecting Quality of Life in Patients With Psoriasis.

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1
Department of Dermatology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, ul. Przybyszewskiego 49, 60-355 Poznan, Poland ; Department of Dermatology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, ul. Przybyszewskiego 49, Poznan, 60-355 Poland.
2
Institute of Psychology, Adam Mickiewicz University, ul. Szamarzewskiego 89, 60-568 Poznan, Poland.
3
Department of Dermatology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, ul. Przybyszewskiego 49, 60-355 Poznan, Poland.

Abstract

Clinical observations and medical reports indicate that psoriasis has a tremendous impact on patients' lives, lowering their quality in many important areas. However, the vast majority of research deals only with health-related issues. This study aimed to compare the general quality of life of psoriasis patients and healthy volunteers by examining psychological variables thought to modify the quality of life. 42 patients with psoriasis and 42 healthy volunteers matched for gender, age and education level were tested. Flanagan Quality of Life Scale was used to evaluate general quality of life. Basic hope level was assessed with Basic Hope Inventory. Trait hope was estimated using Trait Hope Scale. Psoriasis Area Severity Index was used to assess the severity of the disease. Psoriasis patients have a significantly lower overall quality of life (p = 0.05), modified by Physical and Material Well-being (p = 0.01), Personal Development and Fulfillment (p = 0.03), and Recreation (p = 0.04). They also have lower levels of trait hope (p = 0.04) and its agency component (p = 0.01). There were moderate, negative significant correlations with basic hope and such components of quality of life as Physical and Material Well-being (p = 0.03, r = - 0.34) and Relations with other People (p = 0.02, r = - 0.35). These results support the hypothesis of a reduced general quality of life and trait hope in psoriatics. Thus, psychological help for people suffering from dermatological disorders might be as important as medical intervention. Basic hope can be treated as a resource in coping with these disorders and trait hope as a resource conducive to well-being.

KEYWORDS:

Basic hope; Psoriasis; Quality of life; Trait hope

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