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Hepat Mon. 2014 May 1;14(5):e17263. doi: 10.5812/hepatmon.17263. eCollection 2014 May.

Prevalence of hepatitis B virus seromarkers in young adults vaccinated at birth; impact on the epidemiology of hepatitis B infection in iran.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Shariaty Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
2
Department of Immunology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran.
3
Pediatric Infectious Diseases Ward, Boali-Cina Hospital, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran.
4
Provincial Center for Diseases Control and Prevention, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran.
5
Department of Statistics, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The epidemiological impact and the duration of protection provided by infant hepatitis B (HB) vaccination are unknown.

OBJECTIVES:

This study was designed to determine the hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection seromarkers in young adults who have been vaccinated against HBV as the first group of Iranian neonates during 1993 and 1994.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

We recruited 510 young adults with a history of complete HB vaccination at birth. HBV seromarkers (HB surface antigen (HBs Ag), antibody against HBs Ag (Anti-HBs), and antibody against HB core antigen (Anti-HBc) were measured using ELISA method. Anti-HBs titers ≥ 10 IU/L were considered protective and titers more than 300 IU/L were indicative of a natural boosting. Positive results for Anti-HBc and HBs Ag were considered as breakthrough infection and possible vaccine failure, respectively. The history of acute symptomatic clinical hepatitis was also investigated.

RESULTS:

Anti-HBs seropositivity rate was detected in 224 of 510 [95% CI: 39-47] young adults. Breakthrough infection (positive sera for Anti-HBc without chronic infection) was observed in 18 [95% CI: 2.5-3.5] subjects. There were neither HBs Ag positive results nor symptomatic hepatitis cases.

CONCLUSIONS:

The study results indicated that the neonatal HBV immunization induced a long-term protection against HBV and was very efficacious in reducing chronic HBV infection rate in vaccinated young adults in Iran.

KEYWORDS:

HB Immunogenicity; Hepatitis B; Hepatitis B Vaccine; Iran

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