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Int J Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Apr 1;12(2):e13612. doi: 10.5812/ijem.13612. eCollection 2014 Apr.

The experience of women affected by polycystic ovary syndrome: a qualitative study from iran.

Author information

1
Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
2
Reproductive Endocrinology Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, IR Iran.
3
Mental Health Research Center, Health Metrics Research Centre, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, Tehran, IR Iran.
4
Department of Biostatistics, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common chronic endocrine disorder. It has significant and diverse clinical consequences including reproductive, metabolic, and psychological morbidities as well as predisposition to malignancies. It is unclear how women with PCOS experience symptoms of this syndrome.

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to clarify the dimensions and components of quality of life in iranian women with PCOS.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

This study was a qualitative study to explore and document perceptions of women with PCOS about their disorder and quality of life. Semi-structured interviews with open ended questions were conducted with 23 women with PCOS. The interviews were continued to reach data saturation. The study was conducted in the Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. All the interviews were recorded and transcribed. Constant comparative analysis of the data was conducted manually according to the Strauss and Corbin analysis method.

RESULTS:

The study revealed that the most important factors affecting quality of life in women with PCOS were the role functioning items as well as physical, mental, emotional, cognitive, and social dimensions.

CONCLUSIONS:

Comprehensive cares concerning various mental, emotional, cognitive, and social dimensions of quality of life should be planned for women with PCOS.

KEYWORDS:

Experience; Polycystic Ovary Syndrome; Qualitative Study; Quality of Life

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