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Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2014 Nov;65(7):797-802. doi: 10.3109/09637486.2014.917155. Epub 2014 May 15.

Evaluation of iodine content and stability in recipes prepared with biofortified potatoes.

Author information

1
Pizzoli S.p.A., Via Zenzalino Nord 1 , Budrio , Italy and.

Abstract

Iodine is an essential micronutrient of the human diet. Deficiency of iodine is diffused in many areas of the world and mild deficiency is present also in developed countries around Europe. Biofortification of vegetables could represent a better strategy with respect to iodized salt in order to increase iodine intake. The aim of this study was evaluating the stability of iodine, derived from biofortified potatoes, in the preparation process of three Italian typical dishes: dumplings, vegetable pie, and focaccia bread. The obtained results showed a good stability of iodine in cooking processes, in particular, during baking of focaccia bread. Significant losses of iodine were detected during boiling of dumplings and baking of vegetable pie. Although the different stability during the cooking processes, the three dishes maintained a good final content of iodine, ranging from the 33.3% to 52.7% of daily recommended intake in adults for individual serving size.

KEYWORDS:

Biofortification; cooking; energy balance iodine; meal; nutritional analysis

PMID:
24828007
DOI:
10.3109/09637486.2014.917155
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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