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Neurology. 2014 Jun 10;82(23):2072-6. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000000490. Epub 2014 May 14.

Novel CLN3 mutation causing autophagic vacuolar myopathy.

Author information

1
From the IRCCS National Institute of Neurology C. Mondino Foundation (A.C., G.P., C.A.G., E.M., C.C., G. Grieco, I.R., A.M.), Pavia, Italy; Department of Molecular Neuroscience, Reta Lila Weston Research Laboratories and MRC Centre for Neuromuscular Diseases (A.T., A.P., J.H.), and Department of Neurodegenerative Disease (P.F.), UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK; Neuromuscular Unit (P.C., L.N., V.L., M.R., R.V., G.F., M.M.), Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milano, Dino Ferrari Centre, Università di Milano, Italy; Neurology Unit (G. Grampa), Saronno Hospital, Italy; MRC Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology (S.E.M.), Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, and UCL Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK; and Department of Neurological Sciences (A.M.), University of Pavia, Italy. andrea.cortese@mondino.it.
2
From the IRCCS National Institute of Neurology C. Mondino Foundation (A.C., G.P., C.A.G., E.M., C.C., G. Grieco, I.R., A.M.), Pavia, Italy; Department of Molecular Neuroscience, Reta Lila Weston Research Laboratories and MRC Centre for Neuromuscular Diseases (A.T., A.P., J.H.), and Department of Neurodegenerative Disease (P.F.), UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK; Neuromuscular Unit (P.C., L.N., V.L., M.R., R.V., G.F., M.M.), Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milano, Dino Ferrari Centre, Università di Milano, Italy; Neurology Unit (G. Grampa), Saronno Hospital, Italy; MRC Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology (S.E.M.), Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, and UCL Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK; and Department of Neurological Sciences (A.M.), University of Pavia, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify the genetic cause of a complex syndrome characterized by autophagic vacuolar myopathy (AVM), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, pigmentary retinal degeneration, and epilepsy.

METHODS:

Clinical, pathologic, and genetic study.

RESULTS:

Two brothers presented with visual failure, seizures, and prominent cardiac involvement, but only mild cognitive impairment and no motor deterioration after 40 years of disease duration. Muscle biopsy revealed the presence of widespread alterations suggestive of AVM with autophagic vacuoles with sarcolemmal features. Through combined homozygosity mapping and exome sequencing, we identified a novel p.Gly165Glu mutation in CLN3.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study expands the clinical phenotype of CLN3 disease. Genetic testing for CLN3 should be considered in AVM with autophagic vacuoles with sarcolemmal features.

PMID:
24827497
PMCID:
PMC4118497
DOI:
10.1212/WNL.0000000000000490
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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