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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 May 27;111(21):7849-54. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1401787111. Epub 2014 May 13.

Sestrin2 inhibits uncoupling protein 1 expression through suppressing reactive oxygen species.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109;
2
Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109;Department of Biological Sciences, Gachon University, Yeonsugu, Incheon 406-799, Korea;
3
Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109;Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Seoul 140-743, Korea; and.
4
Quark Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Ness Ziona 70400, Israel.
5
Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109; leeju@umich.edu.

Abstract

Uncoupling protein 1 (Ucp1), which is localized in the mitochondrial inner membrane of mammalian brown adipose tissue (BAT), generates heat by uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation. Upon cold exposure or nutritional abundance, sympathetic neurons stimulate BAT to express Ucp1 to induce energy dissipation and thermogenesis. Accordingly, increased Ucp1 expression reduces obesity in mice and is correlated with leanness in humans. Despite this significance, there is currently a limited understanding of how Ucp1 expression is physiologically regulated at the molecular level. Here, we describe the involvement of Sestrin2 and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in regulation of Ucp1 expression. Transgenic overexpression of Sestrin2 in adipose tissues inhibited both basal and cold-induced Ucp1 expression in interscapular BAT, culminating in decreased thermogenesis and increased fat accumulation. Endogenous Sestrin2 is also important for suppressing Ucp1 expression because BAT from Sestrin2(-/-) mice exhibited a highly elevated level of Ucp1 expression. The redox-inactive mutant of Sestrin2 was incapable of regulating Ucp1 expression, suggesting that Sestrin2 inhibits Ucp1 expression primarily through reducing ROS accumulation. Consistently, ROS-suppressing antioxidant chemicals, such as butylated hydroxyanisole and N-acetylcysteine, inhibited cold- or cAMP-induced Ucp1 expression as well. p38 MAPK, a signaling mediator required for cAMP-induced Ucp1 expression, was inhibited by either Sestrin2 overexpression or antioxidant treatments. Taken together, these results suggest that Sestrin2 and antioxidants inhibit Ucp1 expression through suppressing ROS-mediated p38 MAPK activation, implying a critical role of ROS in proper BAT metabolism.

KEYWORDS:

aging; homeostasis; mouse; β-adrenergic signaling

PMID:
24825887
PMCID:
PMC4040599
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1401787111
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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