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Exp Mol Pathol. 2014 Aug;97(1):31-6. doi: 10.1016/j.yexmp.2014.05.001. Epub 2014 May 11.

JK1 (FAM134B) gene and colorectal cancer: a pilot study on the gene copy number alterations and correlations with clinicopathological parameters.

Author information

1
Cancer Molecular Pathology of Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.
2
Department of Surgery, Gold Coast University Hospital, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.
3
Cancer Molecular Pathology of Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: a.lam@griffith.edu.au.

Abstract

AIMS:

The aims of the study are to characterize changes in JK-1 (FAM134B) at the DNA level in colorectal adenocarcinoma and adenoma and exploring the possible correlations with clinical and pathological features.

METHOD:

JK-1 gene DNA copy number changes were studied in 211 colorectal carcinomas, 32 colorectal adenoma and 20 colorectal non-cancer colorectal tissue samples by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The results were correlated with clinical and pathological parameters.

RESULTS:

Colorectal adenomas were more likely to be amplified than deleted with regard to JK-1 (FAM134B) DNA copy number change. The copy number level of JK-1 (FAM134B) DNA in colorectal adenocarcinomas was significantly lower in comparison to colorectal adenomas. Changes in JK-1 (FAM134B) DNA copy number were associated with histological subtypes, and cancer stage. Lower copy numbers were associated with higher tumor stage, lymph node stage and overall pathological stage of cancer. Conversely, higher DNA copy numbers were detected more often in the mucinous adenocarcinoma.

CONCLUSIONS:

This is the first study showing significant correlations of the JK-1 (FAM134B) gene copy number alterations with clinical and pathological features in a large cohort of pre-invasive and invasive colorectal malignancies. The changes in DNA copy number associated with progression of colorectal malignancies reflect that JK-1 (FAM134B) gene could play a role in controlling some steps in development of the invasive phenotypes.

KEYWORDS:

FAM134B; JK-1; carcinoma; colorectal

PMID:
24825067
DOI:
10.1016/j.yexmp.2014.05.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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