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Dev Cell. 2014 May 12;29(3):330-9. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2014.03.014.

Vasculature-associated cells expressing nestin in developing bones encompass early cells in the osteoblast and endothelial lineage.

Author information

1
Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA.
2
Departments of Medicine and of Cell Biology, Ruth L. and David S. Gottesman Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Research, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.
3
Department of Immunobiology and Hematology, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan; Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Tokyo 102-0076, Japan.
4
Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address: hkronenberg@mgh.harvard.edu.

Abstract

Nestin-positive (Nes(+)) cells are important hematopoiesis-supporting constituents in adult bone marrow. However, how these cells originate during endochondral bone development is unknown. Studies using mice expressing GFP under the direction of nestin promoter/enhancer (Nes-GFP) revealed distinct endothelial and nonendothelial Nes(+) cells in the embryonic perichondrium; the latter were early cells of the osteoblast lineage immediately descended from their progenitors upon Indian hedgehog action and Runx2 expression. During vascular invasion and formation of ossification centers, these Nes(+) cells were closely associated with each other and increased in number progressively. Interestingly, cells targeted by tamoxifen-inducible cre recombinase driven by nestin enhancer (Nes-creER) in developing bone marrow were predominantly endothelial cells. Furthermore, Nes(+) cells in postnatal bones were heterogeneous populations, including a range of cells in the osteoblast and endothelial lineage. These findings reveal an emerging complexity of stromal populations, accommodating Nes(+) cells as vasculature-associated early cells in the osteoblast and endothelial lineage.

PMID:
24823376
PMCID:
PMC4083679
DOI:
10.1016/j.devcel.2014.03.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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