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Int Urogynecol J. 2014 Aug;25(8):1023-30. doi: 10.1007/s00192-014-2384-z. Epub 2014 May 13.

Retropubic vs. transobturator tension-free vaginal tape for female stress urinary incontinence: 3-month results of a randomized controlled trial.

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Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 14, A-8036, Graz, Austria.



We conducted a prospective randomized controlled noninferiority trial to compare objective and subjective outcomes of retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) with those of transobturator tape (TVT-O) as primary treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women.


The study was conducted at 25 gynecology units in Austria and Germany; regional and academic hospitals participated. A total of 569 patients were randomly assigned to undergo TVT or TVT-O.


A total of 480 patients (85%) were examined at 3 months. A negative cough stress test with stable cystometry to 300 ml was seen in 87% of patients after TVT and in 84% after TVT-O; 64% and 59% of patients, respectively, reported no pad use, and 88% of patients in both groups considered themselves much or very much better on the Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) scale. Quality of life (QoL) as assessed with the SF-12 Health Survey, Kings' Health Questionnaire, (KHQ), and EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) was significantly improved in both arms, with no differences between arms. There were no significant differences in postoperative pain or complications.


Results of this trial demonstrate noninferiority between TVT and TVT-O with regard to postoperative continence and QoL and suggest little difference in perioperative problems ( NCT 00441454).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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